PMID: 39792Oct 1, 1979

Changes in red cell oxygen release capacity in diabetes mellitus

Federation Proceedings
J Ditzel

Abstract

Studies are summarized to indicate that diabetes is associated with a fluctuating disturbance in the oxygen release capacity of the erythrocytes. This disorder, present from the onset of the disease, is a consequence of excess hemoglobin AIc, and absolute or relative hypophosphatemia and acidosis that interfere with formation of the red cell metabolite 2,3-diphosphoglycerate. As a result frequent increases in hemoglobin--oxygen affinity are produced. Available evidence suggests that transient decreases in red cell oxygen delivery lead to dilatation of the venous part of the microcirculation associated with increased transcapillary plasma permeation. Combined with microrheologic alterations (increased red cell aggregation, increased blood viscosity, and decreased red cell deformability) these functional changes may over the years participate in the pathogenesis of the microvascular disease in diabetes.

Related Concepts

Vascular Permeability
Diabetes Mellitus
Microangiopathy, Diabetic
Diphosphoglyceric Acids
Erythrocytes
Hemoglobin A
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Microcirculation
Dioxygen
Oxyhemoglobin

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