PMID: 2895441Feb 3, 1988

Changes in the activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in brain microvessels, astroglial cells and synaptosomes derived from rats with hepatic encephalopathy

Neuroscience Letters
F StastnýV Lisý

Abstract

Prolonged thioacetamide treatment increased gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) activity in the rat liver and induced neurological symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The enzyme activity measured without an amino acid or peptide acceptor was increased in cortical capillaries and synaptosomes, but remained unchanged in astroglia isolated from the brains of hyperammonemic rats. In the presence of L-glutamine the activity of GGT was stimulated by about 60% in astroglial cells while in the capillaries and synaptosomes the amino acid stimulation was less pronounced. Glycylglycine also stimulated the GGT activity in the astroglia more (4-fold) than in cortical capillaries or synaptosomes (3-fold). Similar stimulatory effects of these gamma-glutamyl moiety acceptors on the GGT activity were observed in capillaries, glial cells and synaptosomes derived from the brains of rats with HE. These results indicate that GGT may be involved in the excessive accumulation of large neutral amino acids (and some peptides) in the brain of rats with HE.

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Citations

Dec 1, 1994·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·M AschnerD Vitarella
Aug 30, 2011·Neurotoxicity Research·Marta Skowrońska, J Albrecht
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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Astrocytes
Brain
Blood Capillaries
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Liver
Liver Dysfunction
August Rats
Synaptosomes

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