PMID: 8515327Apr 1, 1993

Changes in the pattern of drug overdoses

Journal of General Internal Medicine
M D SteinT J Wachtel

Abstract

To describe changes in the pattern of patients with drug overdoses hospitalized over the past two decades. Retrospective data review. A 719-bed university-affiliated hospital. All adults admitted to the hospital with drug overdoses in 1968, 1979, and 1989. Changes in demographics, drugs used, and discharge disposition. A majority of patients admitted with drug overdoses have had previous suicide attempts; and while women predominate, they make up a decreasing proportion of admissions over time (76% in 1968 to 52% in 1989 (p = 0.003). Benzodiazepines were the drugs most commonly used in 1979 and 1989, and cocaine has shown a marked increase in use over time, while barbiturate overdoses have progressively decreased. The use of two or more drugs is common and has been consistent over time, as has been the concomitant use of alcohol. The mortality rate has remained low at 1%, but mean length of stay has decreased dramatically from 6.6 days in 1979 to 3.2 days in 1989 (p < 0.001) and discharge disposition has shifted from out-patient to inpatient psychiatric care. The majority of patients admitted to a general acute care hospital following a drug overdose have a history of previous suicide attempts and are followed by a mental healt...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Aug 9, 2001·Irish Journal of Medical Science·G T McMahon, K McGarry
Dec 13, 2000·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·T HayaseY Fukui
Jul 1, 1996·Psychological Medicine·J Prosser, P McArdle
Dec 19, 2009·Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review·Milan R RadovanovićMirjana S Radovanović
Sep 25, 2002·Human & Experimental Toxicology·A F Ab Rahman
Jan 21, 2020·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·Mariann JacksonGregory Carter
Jun 5, 2003·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·Andre LoJanet Raboud

Related Concepts

Hospital Stay
Patient Referral
Retrospective Studies
Suicide Attempt
Drug Overdose

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