PMID: 39976Jan 1, 1978

Changes of some putative neurotransmitters in human cerebral infarction

Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementum
K JellingerP Kothbauer

Abstract

Dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), tryptophan (TRP), 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), and GABA were assayed spectrofluorometrically in various regions of 16 human post-mortem brains with acute and old cerebral infarction. In both recent and older strokes a total depletion of DA and 5-HT in the necrotic tissue was associated with mild reduction of these compounds in remote non-ischemic areas of the injured, and less of the contralateral cerebral hemispheres. 5-HIAA was significantly reduced in acute ischemic necrosis, while the perifocal edema zone showed considerable accumulation of both 5-HT and 5-HIAA. Marked elevation of the 5-HT precursor TRP and of GABA was present in both the necrotic center and perifocal edema of acute infarcts, which also showed a mild reduction of total proteins. The degradation zone surrounding old infarcts showed a mild decrease of both 5-HT and 5-HIAA with normal TRP levels, indicating normalization of the previously increased 5-HT metabolism and turnover after decrease of acute cerebral edema. These data which confirm previous studies in experimental cerebral ischemia and stroke indicate that disorders in the metabolism of brain monoamines and other putative neurotransmitters contribute to the d...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ischemia
Necrosis
Autopsy
Brain
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Posterior Choroidal Artery Infarction
PMS-Tryptophan
Neurohormones
Brain Damage, Chronic
Intropin

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