Jan 1, 1989

Changing patterns of cytokeratins and vimentin in the early chick embryo

Development
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Abstract

The distribution of cytokeratins and vimentin intermediate filaments in the first 48 h of chick development has been determined using immunofluorescent labelling. During formation of the germ layers, cytokeratin expression is associated with the appearance of an integral epithelium (ectoderm), whereas vimentin expression is associated with cells that detach and migrate from this epithelium to form endoderm and mesoderm. Subsequently, vimentin persists in the endoderm and mesoderm and the tissues derived therefrom, such as the somites and developing heart, throughout the period of study. The appearance of cytokeratins at later stages of development occurs in some epithelia such as the ectoderm, endoderm, lateral plate and epimyocardium but not others including the neural plate, neural tube and somites. Expression of cytokeratins in endoderm and mesenchymal tissues occurs in tandem with vimentin. In conclusion, vimentin expression is related to its distribution in the epiblast before germ layer formation. Its initial appearance may be related to the motile behaviour of cells about to ingress through the primitive streak. The appearance of cytokeratin filaments, however, does not reflect germ layer derivation but rather the need f...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Endoderm
Immunofluorescence Assay
Primitive Streak
Tonofilaments
VIM gene
Keratin
Epithelium
KRT5
Dicom Derivation
Cytokeratin

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