PMID: 15311852Aug 18, 2004

Characteristics of acute adult poisoning cases admitted to a university hospital in Istanbul

Human & Experimental Toxicology
Işil Bavunoğlu TüfekçiFeridun Sirin

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the characteristics of acute adult poisoning cases admitted to a university hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. All cases admitted to the Emergency Unit of the Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty Hospital, between January 2001 and December 2001, were included in this study. We analysed the clinical charts for aetiological and demographical characteristics of the acutely poisoned patients. There were 284 poisoning cases (207 females and 77 males) among 11834 patients admitted to the Emergency Unit. This was 2.4% of all emergency admissions. The female-to-male ratio was 3:1. The mean age was 27+/-12 years (age range 15-87) and the majority of the patients (73.94%) were below the age of 30 years. The median age was 24 years. Medicinal drugs were the major cause (69.37%) of the cases, followed by inhalation of gases (14.44%), alcohol (5.99%), alcohol together with illicit drugs (4.23%), food (3.17%), corrosives (1.76%) and pesticides (1.06%). The route of administration was as follows: 84.51% orally, 14.44% by inhalation and 1.06% by intravenous injection. Seventy-one per cent of acute poisonings were self-inflicted and 88% occurred at home. The most frequently involved medici...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Inhalation of Drugs
Ethanol
Corrosives
Foodborne Disease
Hospitals, University
Pesticides
Poisoning
Retrospective Studies
Suicide Attempt

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