Aug 30, 2012

Characteristics of honey bee and non-Apis bee (Hymenoptera) farms in Canada

Journal of Economic Entomology
Z DalyA Weersink

Abstract

Here, we present a farm-level, Canada-wide analysis of Canadian bee farms in 2006; this article is the first report to distinguish between honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) farms and non-Apis bee (Hymenoptera) farms. Farms are characterized according to bee species, bee stocks, and whether the farm makes 50% or more of gross sales from bee-related activities. Farm characteristics, including bee stocks, gross sales, capital investments, land base, specialization, location, and operator demographics, are reported for the different farm types and sizes. Non-Apis bee farms are revealed to be a nontrivial part of the Canadian bee industry: 21.2% of Canadian bee farms have non-Apis bees and 16.6% have exclusively non-Apis bees. Important differences between honey bee farms and non-Apis bee farms also are found. These differences include the more land-intensive nature of non-Apis bee farms and the finding that non-Apis bee farms have greater diversity in terms of their primary commodity, even at higher bee stock levels.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Apis mellifera
Size
Apis mellifera preparation
Bombus occidentalis
Hymenoptera
Genus Apis (organism)
Apidae
Beekeeping
Farming Environment
Megachile rotundata

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