Characteristics of indoor/outdoor particulate pollution in urban and rural residential environment of Pakistan

Indoor Air
Ian ColbeckZulfiqar Ali

Abstract

Particulate pollution has emerged as a serious environmental health concern in Pakistan. The use of biomass fuels in traditional stoves produces high levels of indoor air pollutants. In Pakistan, 94% of rural and 58% of urban households depend on biomass fuel. This study investigates variations in indoor/outdoor concentrations of particulate matter during various activities for three different micro-environments in Pakistan. At a rural site, the average indoor/outdoor ratios for PM(10), PM(2.5), and PM(1), in kitchens using biomass fuels were 3.80, 4.36, and 4.11, respectively. A large variation was recorded in the mass concentration of particulate matter during cooking with concentrations in the range 4000-8555 microg/m(3). In a living room at a rural site, the average indoor/outdoor ratios for PM(10), PM(2.5), and PM(1) were 1.74, 2.49, and 3.01, respectively. At the urban site, the average indoor/outdoor ratios for the same size fractions were 1.71, 2.88, and 3.47, respectively. Cooking, cleaning and smoking were identified as principal contributors to the high indoor levels of particulate matter. This study showed considerably high concentrations of particulate matter, particularly in kitchens using biomass fuels, as compar...Continue Reading

References

Apr 12, 2002·Environmental Science & Technology·Thomas GotschiNino Kunzli
Nov 6, 2002·Environmental Health Perspectives·Kalpana BalakrishnanVijay Laxmi Pandey
May 1, 2004·Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology·Kalpana BalakrishnanKirk R Smith
May 25, 2006·Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology·Miriam ZukOmar Masera
Oct 24, 2006·Environmental Monitoring and Assessment·Badar GhauriM Mansha
Nov 15, 2006·Indoor Air·S DasguptaD Wheeler
Mar 9, 2007·The Science of the Total Environment·H E S MestlD Zhang
Jun 2, 2007·Environmental Science & Technology·Susan L Fischer, Catherine P Koshland

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Feb 18, 2010·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Ian ColbeckZulfiqar Ali
Dec 25, 2012·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Khaleeq AnwarAqeel Javeed
Aug 14, 2010·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Aman KarimAbdul Malik
Jul 15, 2011·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Sumayya SaeedAbdul Malik
Jun 19, 2013·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Sara MussadiqAbdul Jabbar
Mar 17, 2007·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·V U AhmadJ Hussain
Dec 7, 2007·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·M Asif Saeed, A W Sabir
Nov 26, 2008·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Shagufta PerveenRasool Bakhsh Tareen
Jan 30, 2009·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Shafiullah KhanMehreen Lateef
Jun 9, 2009·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Samar AliMuhammad Ashraf
Feb 26, 2010·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Atia Tun NoorRasool Baksh Tareen
Apr 27, 2010·Journal of Asian Natural Products Research·Muhammad Azam RasoolShahana Urooj Kazmi
Mar 17, 2007·Natural Product Research·Ejaz AhmedMuhammad Iqbal Choudhary
Oct 16, 2008·Natural Product Research·Sajid MehmoodMuhammad Iqbal Choudhary
Jul 23, 2013·Environmental Health Perspectives·Maggie L ClarkJohn M Balbus
Aug 19, 2010·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Zafar FatmiNalini Sathiakumar
Aug 15, 2012·Public Health·N Z JanjuaM I Khan
Jan 21, 2011·The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology·Naseem MushtaqJonathan Grigg
Mar 15, 2016·Environmental Research·Pallavi PantRichard E Peltier
Oct 21, 2010·Particle and Fibre Toxicology·Ananth TellabatiJonathan Grigg
Jun 4, 2016·Environment International·Tunga SalthammerPrashant Kumar
Aug 16, 2016·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Kaleem Anwar MirRajasekhar Balasubramanian
Sep 20, 2016·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Roberto A AccinelliDavid Gozal
Feb 26, 2019·Microscopy Research and Technique·Farideh AttarWajid Zaman
May 24, 2018·Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology·Jessica L ElfJonathan E Golub
Jul 20, 2017·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Anne M WeaverPavani K Ram
Feb 9, 2019·Molecular Ecology Resources·Robert M W FergusonIan Colbeck
Jan 6, 2019·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Tanzina AktherAbdus Salam
Jul 28, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Célia AlvesSusana Marta Almeida
Sep 25, 2017·Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health·Fatima KhanumPrashant Kumar
Jan 19, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Sagar AdhikariSiva Praveen Puppala
Dec 17, 2020·Journal of Health & Pollution·Musibau O JeliliAbimbola T Alabi
Nov 16, 2010·The Science of the Total Environment·Ian ColbeckShakil Ahmad
Sep 25, 2021·PloS One·Muhammad IrfanGazi Hassan

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.