Aug 26, 1976

Characteristics of pentobarbital discrimination in the gerbil: transfer and antagonism

Psychopharmacology
T U Järbe

Abstract

Experiment 1. Gerbils were trained in a T-shaped maze to discriminate the effects produced by pentobarbital (P-barb. 15 mg/kg, i.p.) and the effects of saline. The response, a left or right turn in the maze, was thus contingent upon the prevailing training condition (P-barb. or saline). The criterion of performing 8 correct first trial choices in 10 consecutive sessions was reached within 20 training sessions. Tests with descending doses of P-barb. yielded an ED50 of 9 mg/kg. Tests with phenobarbital (40 mg/kg) or diazepam (2 and 4 mg/kg) solely maintained the drug response. P-barb. discrimination was reversed by megimide (ED50: 8.5-9.6 mg/kg) and metrazol (ED50:24.9-27.9 mg/kg). Thus megimide was approximately 3 times more effective than metrazol. Metrazol (40 and 80 mg/kg) also counteracted the phenobarbital and diazepam response. Picrotoxin (2.5 and 5 mg/kg) was less effective whereas caffeine (100 mg/kg) and piracetam (100-1000 mg/kg) did not upset P-barb. discrimination. Experiment 2. Naive gerbils had to discriminate mixtures of P-barb. (15 mg/kg) plus either 40 or 80 mg/kg of metrazol from saline already at the start of the discriminative training. The drug combinations produced discriminable effects since most gerbils r...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Drug Response
DRUG Screen Quant Caffeine
Psammomys
Diabutal
Cues
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Megimide
Picrotoxin
IFITM1 protein, human
Phenobarbital

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