Apr 1, 1999

Characteristics of psychiatric emergencies and the choice of intervention strategies

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
U SchnyderC Buddeberg

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the sociodemographic, contextual and clinical characteristics of a consecutive sample of 3611 psychiatric emergency visits to a Swiss university general hospital, and to investigate their associations with different intervention strategies. All consultations were documented by a questionnaire covering sociodemographic and diagnostic data as well as information about the consultation and the disposition decision. In a total of 1093 cases (30.3%) no further emergency intervention was required, in 1287 cases (35.6%) patients were offered out-patient crisis intervention, and in 1231 cases (34.1%) patients were hospitalized. Social integration and the presence of an easily recognizable precipitating stressor were associated with referral to out-patient crisis intervention. In logistic regression analyses, referral by the police or by health professionals (in contrast to self-referral or referral by relatives), current diagnosis of a psychotic disorder, and previous hospitalizations were the most powerful predictors of hospitalization. The presence of a precipitating stressor related to the patient's social network decreased the likelihood of hospitalization. The findings indicate a need for faci...Continue Reading

  • References26
  • Citations21

References

  • References26
  • Citations21

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Voluntary Admission
Hospitalization
Emergency Services, Psychiatric
Psychiatry Specialty
Outpatients
Regression Analysis
Urgent Care
Choice Behavior
Patient Referral
Diagnosis, Psychiatric

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.