Characteristics of the craniofacial complex in Turner syndrome

Archives of Oral Biology
J DumancicH Brkic


To identify characteristics of the craniofacial complex in Turner syndrome (TS) patients from Croatian population, to investigate the interrelationship among craniofacial variables and to assess their correlation with age. Cephalometric analysis was carried out on lateral cephalograms of 36 TS patients, aged 10-33 years. Cephalograms of 72 age-matched healthy females with class I occlusion served as control. Logistic regression analysis sorted out two variables as predictors of TS: shorter posterior cranial base length (sella-basion) and reduced mandibular prognathism angle (sella-nasion-supramentale). Sixty-four percent of TS patients and 92% of the controls were classified correctly. After exclusion of the variable sella-nasion-supramentale, three variables were significant predictors of TS: shorter sella-basion, larger cranial base angle (nasion-sella-basion) and shorter subspinale-basion distance. Retrognathic position of the jaws in TS subjects was not correlated with the shape of the cranial base. Correlations with age revealed lack of maxillary longitudinal growth with persistent retrognathism and posterior rotation along with reduced mandibular growth. Shorter posterior length and increased cranial base angle along with...Continue Reading


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