May 1, 1989

Characterization and membrane organization of beta 1----3- and beta 1----4-galactosyltransferases from human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines Colo 205 and SW403: basis for preferential synthesis of type 1 chain lacto-series carbohydrate structures

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
E H Holmes


Evidence indicates that activation of a beta 1----3N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase is responsible for accumulation of large quantities of lacto-series tumor-associated antigens in human colonic adenocarcinomas. Expression of type 1 and 2 core chain derivatives characterize human colonic adenocarcinomas, whereas normal adult colonic epithelial cells express detectable quantities of only type 1 chain derivatives. The basis for preferential synthesis of type 1 chain lacto-series carbohydrate structures characteristic of normal colonic mucosa and human colonic adenocarcinoma Colo 205 cells has been studied. The beta 1----3- and beta 1----4galactosyltransferase enzymes associated with synthesis of type 1 and 2 core chain structures, respectively, have been separated from a Triton X-100 solubilized membrane fraction of Colo 205 cells by chromatography on an alpha-lactalbumin-Sepharose column and their properties studied. Optimal transfer of beta 1----3-linked galactose to acceptor Lc3 occurred in the presence of 0.1% Triton CF-54 with Triton X-100 providing 75% of maximal activity. The enzyme was active over a broad pH range from 6.5 to 7.5 and had a near absolute requirement for Mn2+. The Km values for donor UDPgalactose and accepto...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Congenital Structural Myopathy
Anhydrous lactose
Galactose Measurement
Golgi Apparatus
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Membrane Fraction
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count

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