Mar 1, 1995

Characterization and substrate specificity of an endo-beta-1,4-D-glucanase I (Avicelase I) from an extracellular multienzyme complex of Bacillus circulans

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
C H Kim


An endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanase I (Avicelase I; EC was purified to homogeneity from an extracellular celluloxylanosome of Bacillus circulans F-2. The purification in the presence of 6 M urea yielded homogeneous enzyme. The enzyme had a monomeric structure, its relative molecular mass being 75 kDa as determined by gel filtration and 82 kDa as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The pI was 5.4, and the N-terminal amino acid sequence was ASNIGGWVGGNESGFEFG. The optimal pH was 4.5, and the enzyme was stable at pH 4 to 10. The enzyme has a temperature optimum of 50 degrees C, it was stable at 55 degrees C for 46 h, and it retains approximately 20% of its activity after 30 min at 80 degrees C. It showed high-level activity towards carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as well as p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-cellobioside, 4-methylumbelliferyl cellobioside, xylan, Avicel, filter paper, and some cello-oligosaccharides. Km values for birch xylan, CMC, and Avicel were 4.8, 7.2, and 87.0 mg/ml, respectively, while Vmax values were 256, 210, and 8.6 mumol x min-1 x mg-1, respectively. Cellotetraose was preferentially cleaved into cellobiose (G2) plus G2, and cellopentaose was cleaved into G2 plus cellotriose (G3),...Continue Reading

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Barrett Esophagus
Birch antigen
Sulfhydryl Compounds

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