Oct 26, 2018

Characterization of α 3 Glycine Receptors with Ginkgolide B and Picrotoxin

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sampurna ChakrabartiMalcolm M Slaughter

Abstract

Ginkgolide B (GB) and picrotoxin (PTX) are antagonists of the major inhibitory receptors of the central nervous system: GABA and glycine receptors (GlyRs). GlyRs contain one or more of the four alpha subunit isoforms of which α1 and α2 have been extensively studied. This report compares GB and PTX block of α3 GlyRs expressed in HEK 293 cells, using whole-cell patch clamp techniques. In CNS, α3 exists as a heteropentamer in conjunction with beta subunits in a 2α:3β ratio. Thus, the nature of block was also tested in α3β heteromeric glycine receptors. GB and PTX blocked α3 GlyRs both in the presence (liganded state) and absence of glycine (unliganded state). This property is unique to α3 subunits; α1 and α2 subunits are only blocked in the liganded state. The GB block of α3 GlyRs is voltage-dependent (more effective when the cell is depolarized) and non-competitive, while the PTX block is competitive and not voltage-dependent. The heteromeric and homomeric α3 GlyRs recovered significantly faster from unliganded GB block compared to liganded GB block, but no such distinction was found for PTX block suggesting more than one binding site for GB. This study sheds light on features of the α3 GlyR that distinguish it from the more wide...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Patch-Clamp Techniques
HEK293 Cells
GLRA1
GARS gene
4-guanidinobutyrate
Picrotoxin
Ginkgolide B
PDZK1 gene
Entire Central Nervous System

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