Characterization of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors mediating contractions in basilar arteries from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats

British Journal of Pharmacology
Y Nishimura


1. The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) induced-contraction in ring preparations of basilar arteries from Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) was pharmacologically characterized in vitro. 2. Contractile responses to 5-HT (1 nM-100 nM) and their pD2 values in arteries from SHRSP at 6 months of age were significantly greater than those in age-matched WKY, although the maximum response did not differ between the two groups. 3. There were no significant differences in contractile responses to U-44619, endothelin-1, neuropeptide Y, and angiotensin II between WKY and SHRSP arteries. 4. Spiperone (1 nM-1 microM, a 5-HT2 receptor antagonist), produced biphasic displacement of the 5-HT curves in WKY and SHRSP arteries. The response to high concentrations of 5-HT was concentration-dependently antagonized by spiperone, while the response to low concentrations of 5-HT was resistant to blockade by spiperone, and the spiperone-resistant contractile responses induced by 5-HT were greater in SHRSP than in WKY. Ketanserin (1-100 nM, 5-HT2) also produced a biphasic shift of the 5-HT curves for both arteries. 5. Methiothepin (10 and 100 nM, 5-HT1 and 5-HT2) potently inhibited 5-HT-induced contractions in bot...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Structure of Basilar Artery
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Receptors, Tryptamine

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