PMID: 12770282May 29, 2003Paper

Characterization of a chloride current in the larval epidermis of the beetle Tenebrio molitor

Journal of Insect Physiology
I WatsonS Caveney


Voltage-clamp analysis of single cuticle-attached epidermal cells dissected from the newly-ecdysed mealworm revealed the presence of a large inwardly-rectifying anion (i.e. outwardly-going) current. In many cells this current formed spontaneously on breaking into the cell with the patch pipette when the bath solution was isoosmotic with the pipette solution (415 mosmol/l). The current was evoked rapidly by electrical stimulation or by bathing the cells in hyposmotic saline (335 mosmol/l). The reversal potential of the activated current shifted in agreement with the Nernst prediction for Cl(-) when the transmembrane chloride gradient was altered by partially substituting bath or patch pipette Cl(-) with gluconate(-). Substitution of Na(+) with choline(+) or K(+) with TEA and Ba(+) in the bath or pipette solutions did not alter the reversal potential. Addition of 200 &mgr;mol/l cyclic AMP or 1 mmol/l cyclic GMP to the pipette solution increased the initial current strength and reduced the time taken to reach half peak amplitude from 117 sec to 49 sec and 41 sec, respectively. Cyclic AMP also raised the threshold at which the current developed under hyperosmotic conditions by about 20 mosmol/l. Addition of the Cl(-) channel blocke...Continue Reading


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