Feb 1, 1976

Characterization of a nitrogen-fixing bacterial strain from the roots of Digitaria sanguinalis

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
L E Barber, H J Evans

Abstract

Rates of nitrogen fixation of 3 to 10 g of N2 fixed per hectare per day were associated with root systems of Digitaria sanguinalis. A Gram-negative motile aerobic bacterial strain that was capable of N2 fixation was isolated from a washed root sample of one of these plants. Optimal growth and N2 fixation occurred at a pH of about 6.5, a temperature of 30-37 degrees C, and at a pO2 of about 0.01 atm. Increased rates of N2 fixation resulted when this strain was grown in mixed cultures with aerobic or facultative bacteria. Observations of cellular and cultural morphology and results of biochemical and physiological studies indicate that the isolate may be related to the Azotobacteraceae but that it is not identical with any of the members of this family. The importance of N2 fixation by this isolate in nature is unknown.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dioxygen
Acetylene
Nitrogen Fixation
Alopecurus
Science of Morphology
Aerobiosis
Digitaria sanguinalis
Isolate compound
Oxidation-Reduction
Soil Microbiology

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