Characterization of a novel cyfluthrin-degrading bacterial strain Brevibacterium aureum and its biochemical degradation pathway

Bioresource Technology
Shaohua ChenLian-Hui Zhang


Brevibacterium aureum DG-12, a new bacterial strain isolated from active sludge, was able to degrade and utilize cyfluthrin as a growth substrate in the mineral medium. Response surface methodology using central composite rotatable design of cultural conditions was successfully employed for optimization resulting in 88.6% degradation of cyfluthrin (50mgL(-1)) within 5days. The bacterium degraded cyfluthrin by cleavage of both the carboxylester linkage and diaryl bond to form 2,2,3,3-tetramethyl-cyclopropanemethanol, 4-fluoro-3-phenexy-benzoic acid, 3,5-dimethoxy phenol, and phenol, and subsequently transformed these compounds with a maximum specific degradation rate, half-saturation constant and inhibition constant of 1.0384day(-1), 20.4967mgL(-1), and 141.9013mgL(-1), respectively. A novel degradation pathway for cyfluthrin was proposed based on analysis of these metabolites. In addition, this strain was found capable of degrading a wide range of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides. Our results suggest that B. aureum DG-12 may be an ideal microorganism for bioremediation of the pyrethroid-contaminated environments.


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