PMID: 2140699Mar 20, 1990

Characterization of a vanadate-based transition-state-analogue complex of phosphoglucomutase by kinetic and equilibrium binding studies. Mechanistic implications

W J Ray, J M Puvathingal


The inhibitor complex produced by the binding of alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate 6-vanadate to the dephospho form of muscle phosphoglucomutase exhibits an unusually small dissociation constant: about 15 fM for the Mg2+ enzyme at pH 7.4, when calculated in terms of the tetraanion. Such tight binding suggests that the enzyme/vanadate/glucose phosphate complex mimics a state that at least approaches the transition state for (PO3-) transfer in the normal enzymic reaction. This hypothesis also is supported by the observation that replacement of Mg2+, the normal metal ion activator, by Li+, a poor activator, substantially reduces the binding constant for the glucose phosphate/vanadate mixed diester. Other indicators that support this hypothesis are described. One is the derived equilibrium constant for replacement of a PO4(2-) group in bound glucose bisphosphate by VO4(2-): 3 x 10(6) when the replaced group is the phosphate at the (PO3-) transfer site of the Mg2+ enzyme--in contrast to about 10 for the same replacement (of PO4(2-) by VO4(2-)) in an aqueous solution of a phosphate ester. Another is the greatly decreased rate at which Mg2+ dissociates from the glucose phosphate/vanadate complex of the enzyme, relative to the rate at which ...Continue Reading


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