Oct 29, 1985

Characterization of alpha-adrenoceptors in myometrium of preparturient rats

European Journal of Pharmacology
J P Maltier, C Legrand


We describe three methods for the quantitative analysis of the alpha-adrenoceptor subtypes in preparturient rat myometrial membrane fractions. A non-subtype-selective antagonist radioligand. [3H]dihydroergocryptine ([3H]DHE), was used to label all of the alpha-receptors. [3H]DHE bound to both alpha 1- and alpha 2-receptors with indistinguishable affinity. Computer modelling of competition curves of unlabeled selective antagonists or agonists was then required in order to determine reliably alpha 1 and alpha 2 affinities and proportions: the alpha 1-receptors represent 45% and the alpha 2-receptors 55% of the entire alpha-receptor population in rat uterus. The second approach involved the administration of phenoxybenzamine (POB) that irreversibly blocks the alpha 1-adrenoceptors. Myometrial membranes obtained from rats 1 h after the administration of varying amounts of POB showed a dose-dependent reduction in specific [3H]DHE binding. This reduction was accompanied by a progressive increase of the value of the dissociation constant. Our data indicate that a dose of 1 mg of POB left the alpha 2-receptors intact while entirely blocking the alpha 1-receptors in rat myometrium. The third approach utilized the selective radioligand a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Yohimbin Spiegel
Tissue Membrane
Phenoxybenzamine Hydrochloride
August Rats
Antagonist Muscle Action
Malignant Neoplasm of Myometrium
Entire Myometrium
Adrenergic Receptor

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