PMID: 41001Jun 1, 1979

Characterization of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli by using rapid slide tests for beta-lactamase production

Journal of Clinical Microbiology
A M Bourgault, J E Rosenblatt

Abstract

A total of 175 isolates of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli were tested for beta-lactamase production by using a slide test modification of the chromogenic cephalosporin (Nitrocefin, Glaxo, Middlesex, England) assay and the iodometric slide test. Included isolates were Bacteroides melaninogenicus (46), B. fragilis (78), other Bacteroides isolates (21), Fusobacterium (25), and other gram-negative bacilli (5). Both slide tests detected 25 B. melaninogenicus isolates that were beta-lactamase producers (minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin was greater than 0.78 micrograms/ml). beta-Lactamase produced by the other gram-negative anaerobes could only be detected by the Nitrocefin assay. This assay was positive in 70 or 77 B. fragilis against which the minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin was greater than 0.78 micrograms/ml. Ten of 11 other species of Bacteroides against which the minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin was greater than 0.78 micrograms/ml were also Nitrocefin test positive. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of penicillin against all isolates of Fusobacterium and unidentifified gram-negative bacilli were less than or equal to 0.78 micrograms/ml and were Nitrocefin assay negative. beta-Lactamase...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Bacteriological Techniques
Bacteroides
Bacteroides fragilis
Prevotella melaninogenica
Beta-Lactamase
Cephalosporanic Acids
Genus Fusobacterium
Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria
Penicillin Resistance

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