Feb 15, 1995

Characterization of atrioventricular nodal behavior and ventricular response during atrial fibrillation before and after a selective slow-pathway ablation

Circulation
Z BlanckM R Jazayeri

Abstract

The presence of atrioventricular nodal dual-pathway physiology in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) provides an opportunity to characterize the effect of a selective slow-pathway ablation on the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF). This may have important clinical implications for the nonpharmacological management of AF with a rapid ventricular rate. Selective radiofrequency catheter ablation of the atrioventricular nodal slow pathway was performed with a stepwise approach in patients with documented sustained AVNRT. The AV nodal conduction properties and refractoriness and the ventricular rate during induced AF were assessed at baseline and under autonomic blockade before and after a selective slow-pathway ablation in 18 patients (mean age, 34 +/- 8 years). Sustained AVNRT was induced with a mean cycle length of 339 +/- 58 ms. A slow-pathway ablation was successfully achieved with 5 +/- 4 applications of radiofrequency energy. The shortest cycle length of 1:1 AV conduction and the AV nodal effective refractory period significantly prolonged after ablation (367 +/- 53 versus 403 +/- 55 ms, P < .0001, and 258 +/- 55 versus 292 +/- 74 ms, P < .05, respectively). Selective slow-pathway...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Sympathetic Nerve Block
Log-Linear Models
Atrial Fibrillation
Refractory Period
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Electrophysiology (Science)
Ventricular Function
NODAL gene
Heart Ventricle

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