Sep 10, 1976

Characterization of calcium binding to adipocyte plasma membranes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J M McDonaldL Jarett


Calcium binding to adipocyte plasma membranes has been assessed by equilibrium dialysis and by membrane filtration techniques. Calcium binding was specific and saturable, displaying two distinct classes of binding sites. The affinity constants and maximum binding capacities in the presence of 0.1 M KCl were 4.5 X 10(4) M-1 and 1.8 nmol/mg of protein and 2.0 X 10(3) M-1 and 13.7 nmol/mg for the high and low affinity sites, respectively. Bound calcium was totally dissociated in the presence of excess calcium within 11.0 min in two distinct phases corresponding to the two classes of sites. Association and dissociation rate constants for the high affinity sites were 7.7 X 10(2) M-1S-1 and 9.2 X 10(-3S-1 respectively. Free energy changes at 24 degrees were +6.4 kcal mol-1 for the high affinity sites and +4.5 kcal mol-1 for the low affinity sites. The high affinity sites demonstrated a pH optimum of 7.0 whereas the binding to the low affinity sites progressively increased between pH 6.0 and 9.0. Low concentrations of MgCl2 (less than 300 muM) enhanced calcium binding slightly, whereas high concentrations of KCl and MgCl2 were noncompetitive inhibitors of calcium binding. Procaine and ruthenium red had no effect on calcium binding and...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Membrane
Calcium [EPC]
Fat Pad
Calcium Binding
Magnesium Chloride
Equilibrium Dialysis

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