Apr 15, 1976

Characterization of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum ATP-ADP phosphate exchange and phosphorylation of the calcium transport adenosine triphosphatase

European Journal of Biochemistry
J Suko, W Hasselbach


1. The terminal phosphate of (gamma-32P)ATP is rapidly incorporated into cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes (0.7--1.3 mumol/g protein) in the presence of calcium and magnesium. Cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes catalize an ATP-ADP phosphate exchange in the presence of calcium and magnesium. 2. Half-maximum activation of the phosphoprotein formation and ATP-ADP phosphate exchange is reached at an ionized calcium concentration of about 0.3 muM. The Hill coefficients are 1.3. 3. Transphosphorylation and ATP-ADP phosphate exchange require magnesium and are maximally activated at magnesium concentrations close to or equal to the ATP concentration. 4. The phosphoprotein level is reduced to about 45% at an ADP/ATP ratio of 0.1. The rate of calcium-dependent ATP splitting declines, whilst the rate of the calcium-dependent ATP-ADP phosphate exchange increases when the ADP/ATP ratio is varied from 0.1 to 1. The sum of both, the rate of ATP splitting and the rate of ADP-ATP phosphate exchange remains constant. 5. Phosphoprotein formation and ATP-ADP phosphate exchange are not affected by azide, dinitrophenol, dicyclohexyl carbodiimide and oubain, whilst both activities are reduced by blockade of -SH groups localized on the ou...Continue Reading

  • References26
  • Citations20


Mentioned in this Paper

Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
DNA-dependent ATPase
Heart Diseases
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.