Apr 1, 1981

Characterization of Extracellular beta-d-Galactosidase from Fusarium moniliforme Grown in Whey

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
B J Macris, P Markakis

Abstract

Extracellular lactase (beta-d-galactosidase, EC 3.2.1.23) was prepared as an ethanol precipitate from a culture of Fusarium moniliforme grown on whey. The enzyme functioned optimally at pH 3.8 to 5.0 and at 50 to 60 degrees C on both o-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside (ONPG) and lactose. The activation energy of the enzymic hydrolysis of ONPG and lactose in the range of 20 to 55 degrees C was 8,500 and 7,200 cal (ca. 3.57 x 10 and 3.02 x 10 J)/mol, respectively. The K(m) values were 4.4 and 12.4 mM for ONPG and lactose, respectively. At optimum pH, the enzyme lost half of its activity when it was heated at 50 degrees C for 6 h; at the same pH, the loss was only 5% when the enzyme was heated at 37 degrees C for 6 h. At optimum conditions, 50% of the lactose in whey was hydrolyzed by 10 U of this enzyme in 50 h.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ethanol
Ethanol Measurement
Extracellular
Gibberella moniliformis
Hydrolase
Beta-Galactosidase
2-nitrophenylgalactoside, (beta-D)-isomer
PH.3
o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside
Lactase

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