Nov 16, 2019

Characterization of glomerular extracellular matrix in IgA nephropathy by proteomic analysis of laser-captured microdissected glomeruli

BMC Nephrology
Flavia Teodora Ioana PaunasBjørn Egil Vikse

Abstract

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) involves mesangial matrix expansion, but the proteomic composition of this matrix is unknown. The present study aimed to characterize changes in extracellular matrix in IgAN. In the present study we used mass spectrometry-based proteomics in order to quantitatively compare protein abundance between glomeruli of patients with IgAN (n = 25) and controls with normal biopsy findings (n = 15). Using a previously published paper by Lennon et al. and cross-referencing with the Matrisome database we identified 179 extracellular matrix proteins. In the comparison between IgAN and controls, IgAN glomeruli showed significantly higher abundance of extracellular matrix structural proteins (e.g periostin, vitronectin, and extracellular matrix protein 1) and extracellular matrix associated proteins (e.g. azurocidin, myeloperoxidase, neutrophil elastase, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and matrix metalloproteinase 2). Periostin (fold change 3.3) and azurocidin (3.0) had the strongest fold change between IgAN and controls; periostin was also higher in IgAN patients who progressed to ESRD as compared to patients who did not. IgAN is associated with widespread changes of the glomerular extracellular matrix proteome. Proteins imp...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Study
Increased Mesangial Matrix
Cell Injury
Extracellular Matrix
IGA Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulosclerosis (Disorder)
Viral Structural Proteins
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
Proteome

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.