Oct 13, 1989

Characterization of the interaction between prostacyclin and human serum albumin using a fluorescent analogue, 2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol iloprost

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
A L TsaiK K Wu


We synthesized a fluorescent probe, 2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol iloprost or dichlorohydroxyphenylamide of iloprost (DCHPA-iloprost) by reacting the stable prostacyclin analog, iloprost (ZK 35 374), with 2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol with a yield of 60%. This probe exhibited an optical spectrum which overlapped with the emission spectrum of the sole tryptophan of human serum albumin (HSA). Energy transfer from the tryptophan residue to the phenol moiety of DCHPA-iloprost was observed. We utilized this donor-quenching phenomenon to quantitate the binding stoichiometry and affinity as well as the association rate of DCHPA-iloprost binding to HSA. As DCHPA-iloprost showed similar binding characteristics similar to those of iloprost and prostacyclin and competed with iloprost for HSA binding sites, we used DCHPA-iloprost as a probe to locate the binding domain of prostacyclin (PGI2) in HSA. The distance between the tryptophan indole and the phenol group of DCHPA-iloprost was estimated to be 15-18 A. Because iloprost binding to HSA was competitive with warfarin and not with free fatty acid, we propose that PGI2 binds to the 'domain 2' of HSA was competitive with warfarin and not with free fatty acid, we propose that PGI2 binds to the 'do...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Energy Transfer
2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol iloprost
Albumin Human, USP
Human Serum Albumin [EPC]

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