Sep 15, 2014

Burkholderia pseudomallei clinical isolates are highly susceptible in vitro to cefiderocol, a novel siderophore cephalosporin

Matthew D MacManesPatrick N A Harris


Cefiderocol is a novel cephalosporin designed to treat multidrug resistant Gram-negative infections. By forming a chelated complex with ferric iron, cefiderocol is transported into the periplasmic space via bacterial iron transport systems and primarily binds to penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) to inhibit peptidoglycan synthesis. This mode of action results in cefiderocol having greater in vitro activity against many Gram-negative bacilli than currently used carbapenems, β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations, and cephalosporins. Thus, we investigated the in vitro activity of cefiderocol (S-649266) against a total of 271 clinical isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei from Australia. The collection was comprised of primary isolates (92.3%) and subsequent isolates (7.7%). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of cefiderocol ranged from ≤0.03 to 32 mg/L, where the MIC90 was 1 mg/L and 16 mg/L for primary and subsequent isolates, respectively. Based upon non-species specific (Gram-negative bacilli) clinical breakpoints for cefiderocol (MIC ≤ 4 mg/L), twelve isolates (4.4%) would be classified as non-susceptible. Further testing for co-resistance to meropenem, ceftazidime, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin-clavula...Continue Reading

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