Sep 15, 2014

Burkholderia pseudomallei clinical isolates are highly susceptible in vitro to cefiderocol, a novel siderophore cephalosporin

bioRxiv
Matthew D MacManesPatrick N A Harris

Abstract

Cefiderocol is a novel cephalosporin designed to treat multidrug resistant Gram-negative infections. By forming a chelated complex with ferric iron, cefiderocol is transported into the periplasmic space via bacterial iron transport systems and primarily binds to penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) to inhibit peptidoglycan synthesis. This mode of action results in cefiderocol having greater in vitro activity against many Gram-negative bacilli than currently used carbapenems, β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations, and cephalosporins. Thus, we investigated the in vitro activity of cefiderocol (S-649266) against a total of 271 clinical isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei from Australia. The collection was comprised of primary isolates (92.3%) and subsequent isolates (7.7%). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of cefiderocol ranged from ≤0.03 to 32 mg/L, where the MIC90 was 1 mg/L and 16 mg/L for primary and subsequent isolates, respectively. Based upon non-species specific (Gram-negative bacilli) clinical breakpoints for cefiderocol (MIC ≤ 4 mg/L), twelve isolates (4.4%) would be classified as non-susceptible. Further testing for co-resistance to meropenem, ceftazidime, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin-clavula...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Osmoregulation
Genes
Brain
Environment
Cessation of Life
Kidney
Peromyscus
Equilibrium
Site

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.