PMID: 22880227Aug 14, 2012Paper

Characterization of two mobilizable plasmids isolated from enterobacter cloacae

Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology
Kazuhide GomiKunihiko Fukuchi


We isolated two plasmids, pS51A and pS51B which were 5782 bp and 4854 bp in size, respectively, from the third generation cephalosporin-resistant E. cloacae suspected to express metallo-beta-lactamase, and analyzed their structures. These two plasmids encode RNA I/RNA II genes for replication origin, relaxase genes of mobABCD for plasmid transfer, and several open reading frames. According to the classification of mobilizable plasmids by gene organization of the relaxases, pS51A and pS51B belong to the ColE1 superfamily of mobilizable plasmids, commonly detected in Enterobacteriaceae. The metallo-beta-lactamase gene was not identified in either pS51A or pS51B by homology search of the putative open reading frames. Open reading frames encoded in pS51A include E. coli protein L-like, E. coli heat shock protein-like, and E. coli plasmid replication initiation protein-like, and those encoded in pS51B include helix-turn-helix protein-like, E. coli plasmid replication initiation protein-like, and Salmonella replication initiation protein-like. These plasmids are stably maintained in one strain of E. cloacae, thus, the encoded gene functions may confer growth advantage to the host cell.

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.