Feb 15, 1990

Characterization of two monoclonal antibodies specific for lacto-series type 1 chain Gal beta 1----3GlcNAc-terminal structures

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
E H Holmes, T G Greene


Murine monoclonal antibodies, TE-1 and TE-3, generated by immunization with a biosynthetic reaction product containing a terminal Gal beta 1----3GlcNAc structure have been produced and found to react specifically with underivatized type 1 chain lacto-series carbohydrate structures. Detailed analysis of these antibodies, both IgM, indicates two differing classes of epitope specificity. Antibody TE-1 was found to bind preferentially to longer chain carbohydrate structures containing a terminal Gal beta 1----3GlcNAc disaccharide, indicating that optimal antibody binding involved more than recognition of this disaccharide. In contrast, antibody TE-3 was found to bind strongly carbohydrate structures containing terminal Gal beta 1----3GlcNAc structures irrespective of chain length. Modification of core chain structures by addition of fucose and/or sialic acid residues completely abolished antibody binding with either antibody. TLC immunostaining of neutral glycolipids isolated from a variety of human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines indicated intensely stained bands, particularly with antibody TE-3, which correlated with the level of expression of type 1 chain based glycolipid derivatives. These antibodies are applied to the detail...Continue Reading