Jan 1, 1976

Chemical, physical and enzymatic comparisons of formyltetrahydrofolate synthetases from thermo- and mesophilic Clostridia

Experientia. Supplementum
W E O'brienL G Ljungdahl

Abstract

Formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase from the mesophiles Clostridium cylindrosporum, C. acidiurici, and C. formicoaceticum and the thermophile C. thermoaceticum have been purified to homogeneity, the first two by Rabinowitz and Himes and their coworkers and the latter two by ourselves. The physical properties of these proteins are very similar. All four enzymes are tetrameric and all are activated by NH4+ or K+, and the mechanism of this activation always involves a decrease in Km for formate. The enzyme from C. formicoaceticum is more thermostable and has a higher temperature optimum than the C. cylindrosporum or C. acidiurici enzymes and the C. thermoaceticum enzyme is the most thermostable. Comparisons of the amino acid compositions indicate possible correlations between thermostability and an increased content of isoleucine, arginine and tryptophan and a decreased content of phenylalanine and aspartic acid. Both of the less thermostable enzymes dissociative above 37 degrees if NH4+ or K+ are removed, but neither of the more stable enzymes do. In 25% D2O, the C. formicoaceticum enzyme is destabilized at elevated temperatures, relative to the C. thermoaceticum enzyme. It is possible that stronger hydrophobic interactions between...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations5

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Tryptophan
Clostridium formicaceticum
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Potassium
Clostridium cylindrosporum
Formates
Isoleucine Measurement
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Arginine
Sodium

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.