Chemical-Sensory Traits of Fresh Cheese Made by Enzymatic Coagulation of Donkey Milk

Foods
Michele FacciaAngela G D'Alessandro

Abstract

Making cheese from donkey milk is considered unfeasible, due to difficulties in coagulation and curd forming. Two recent studies have reported the protocols for making fresh cheese by using camel chymosin or calf rennet, but the chemical and sensory characteristics of the products were not thoroughly investigated. The present paper aims to give a further contribution to the field, by investigating cheesemaking with microbial rennet and evaluating the chemical composition, total fatty acid, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and sensory profile of the resultant product. Six trials were undertaken at laboratory scale on donkey milk from a Martina Franca ass, by applying the technological scheme as reported for calf rennet, with some modifications. Bulk cow milk was used as a control. Donkey milk coagulated rapidly, but the curd remained soft, and was only suitable for making fresh cheese; differently, cow milk coagulated almost instantaneously under these strong technological conditions, giving rise to a semi-hard curd in very short time. The moisture level of donkey cheese was almost the same as reported in the literature, whereas the yield was higher, probably due to the high protein content of the milk used. The total fatty aci...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jul 30, 2020·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Michele FacciaYonas Hailu

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
electrophoresis
Infrared Spectroscopy
membrane filtration

Software Mentioned

Xcalibur

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