Chest compression-only bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be as effective as conventional CPR with rescue breathing for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. To investigate the survival of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest using compression-only CPR (COCPR) compared with conventional CPR. A 5-year prospective observational cohort study of survival in patients at least 18 years old with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2009, in Arizona. The relationship between layperson bystander CPR and survival to hospital discharge was evaluated using multivariable logistic regression. Survival to hospital discharge. Among 5272 adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of cardiac etiology not observed by responding emergency medical personnel, 779 were excluded because bystander CPR was provided by a health care professional or the arrest occurred in a medical facility. A total of 4415 met all inclusion criteria for analysis, including 2900 who received no bystander CPR, 666 who received conventional CPR, and 849 who received COCPR. Rates of survival to hospital discharge were 5.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.4%-6.0%) for the no bystander CPR group, 7.8% (95% CI, 5.8%-9.8%) fo...Continue Reading
Association between resuscitation time interval at the scene and neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in two Asian cities
Role of manual and mechanical chest compressions during resuscitation efforts throughout cardiac arrest
Compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation vs standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation: an updated meta-analysis of observational studies
Comparison of CPR outcome predictors between rhythmic abdominal compression and continuous chest compression CPR techniques
Adequate performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques during simulated cardiac arrest over and under protective equipment in football
Regional cerebral oxygen saturation on hospital arrival is a potential novel predictor of neurological outcomes at hospital discharge in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
The impact of response time reliability on CPR incidence and resuscitation success: a benchmark study from the German Resuscitation Registry.
Chest compressions versus ventilation plus chest compressions: a randomized trial in a pediatric asphyxial cardiac arrest animal model.
Efficacy of metronome sound guidance via a phone speaker during dispatcher-assisted compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation by an untrained layperson: a randomised controlled simulation study using a manikin
Assessment of knowledge and attitudes regarding automated external defibrillators and cardiopulmonary resuscitation among American University students
Improved survival outcome with continuous chest compressions with ventilation compared to 5:1 compressions-to-ventilations mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Very brief training for laypeople in hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Effect of real-time feedback
Improvement in chest compression quality using a feedback device (CPRmeter): a simulation randomized crossover study
Restart a Heart Day: a strategy by the European Resuscitation Council to raise cardiac arrest awareness
Regional variability in survival outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the All-Japan Utstein Registry
A 10-s rest improves chest compression quality during hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a prospective, randomized crossover study using a manikin model
Chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by lay rescuers for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to non-cardiac aetiologies
Transthoracic impedance for the monitoring of quality of manual chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Increasing hospital volume is not associated with improved survival in out of hospital cardiac arrest of cardiac etiology.
An exploration of attitudes toward bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in university students in Tianjin, China: A survey
Changing EMS dispatcher CPR instructions to 400 compressions before mouth-to-mouth improved bystander CPR rates
Is Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests Worse During Days of National Academic Meetings in Japan? A Population-Based Study
Usefulness of cardiac arrest centers - extending lifesaving post-resuscitation therapies: the Arizona experience -
Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.