PMID: 108275May 25, 1979

Chicken parvalbumin. Comparison with parvalbumin-like protein and three other components (Mr = 8,000 to 13,000).

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
C W Heizmann, E E Strehler

Abstract

Procedures for a rapid isolation and purification of parvalbumin (Mr = 12,600), parvalbumin-like protein (Mr = 12,800), and three other polypeptides with molecular weights of 12,400 (Component 1), 11,700 (Component 2), and 8,000, respectively, from chicken leg muscle, are described. A direct comparison of parvalbumin with these other proteins showed distinct differences in the amino acid compositions, charge, and immunological behavior. Parvalbumin has two high affinity sites for Ca2+ with a KDiss less than or equal to 10(-6) M (Blum, H. E., Lehky, P., Kohler, L., Stein, E.A., and Fischer, E. H. (1977) J. Biol. Chem. 252, 2834-2838), in contrast to parvalbumin-like protein. Components 1 and 2, and the Mr = 8,000 protein, where only low affinity sites for Ca2+ could be detected (KDiss greater than 10(-3) M). From our results it is concluded that the co-extracted proteins do not constitute isoproteins of parvalbumin. The very low affinity for Ca2+ suggests that these proteins are not involved in processes of Ca2+ transport or Ca2+ regulation as proposed for parvalbumin. Parvalbumin could not be localized within isolated myofibrils and also did not accumulate in primary myogenic cell cultures together with proteins forming the myo...Continue Reading

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Amino Acids
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Molecular Weight
Muscle Proteins
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