Chidamide, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, induces growth arrest and apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells in a caspase-dependent manner

Oncology Letters
Xiang-Gui YuanXiao-Ying Zhao

Abstract

Chidamide, a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, induces antitumor effects in various types of cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of chidamide on multiple myeloma and the underlying mechanisms involved. Viability of multiple myeloma cells upon chidamide treatment was determined by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Apoptosis induction and cell cycle alteration were detected by flow cytometry. Specific apoptosis-associated proteins and cell cycle proteins were evaluated by western blot analysis. Chidamide suppressed cell viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Chidamide treatment markedly suppressed the expression of type I HDACs and further induced the acetylation of histones H3 and H4. In addition, it promoted G0/G1 arrest by decreasing cyclin D1 and c-myc expression, and increasing phosphorylated-cellular tumor antigen p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (p21) expression in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with chidamide induced cell apoptosis by upregulating the apoptosis regulator Bax/B-cell lymphoma 2 ratio in a caspase-dependent manner. In addition, the combination of chidamide with bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor widely used as a therapeutic agent for multiple myelom...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
histone acetylation
density gradient centrifugation
flow cytometry
acetylation

Software Mentioned

GraphPad Prism
GraphPad
FlowJo
SPSS
ModFit LT

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