Chidamide, a subtype-selective histone deacetylase inhibitor, enhances Bortezomib effects in multiple myeloma therapy.

Journal of Cancer
Yanjuan HeFangping Chen


Drug resistance is the major cause for disease relapse and patient death in multiple myeloma (MM). It is an urgent need to develop new therapies to overcome drug resistance in MM. Chidamide (CHI), a novel oral HDAC inhibitor targeting HDAC1, 2, 3 and 10, has shown potential therapeutic effect in MM. In this study, we determined that CHI exhibited significant anti-tumor effect on MM cells both in vitro and in vivo, which was positively correlated with the expression of HDAC1. Meanwhile, CHI enhanced Bortezomib (BTZ) effects synergistically in MM cells and a combination of CHI with BTZ induced myeloma cell apoptosis and G0/G1 arrest in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, the synergistic anti-tumor effect of CHI and BTZ was related with the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) dependent DNA damage and the changes of cell apoptosis and cycle pathways. Our data indicate that CHI may be a suitable drug to sensitize BTZ in MM cells, which provides novel insight into the therapy for MM patients.

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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis