Jan 25, 2020

Childhood and adolescent mental health of NICU graduates: an observational study

Archives of Disease in Childhood
Andreea ChioreanRyan J Van Lieshout

Abstract

To investigate the mental health of children and adolescents admitted to neonatal intensive/special care units (NICUs) in infancy. This cross-sectional study used a provincially representative cohort from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study. Parents provided data on psychiatric disorders using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents in 3141 children aged 4-11 years (NICU n=389; control n=2752) and in 2379 children aged 12-17 years (NICU n=298; control n=2081). Additionally, 2235 adolescents aged 12-17 years completed the interview themselves (NICU n=285; control n=1950). Odds of psychiatric disorder were compared in those admitted and controls. Based on parent reports, NICU graduates aged 4-11 years had increased adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 1.78 (1.39 to 2.28) for any psychiatric disorder, with a marginal prevalence of 32.4% in NICU participants and 27.6% in controls. At this age, NICU graduates also had increased ORs of 1.74 (1.25 to 2.40) for psychiatric comorbidity, 1.48 (1.04 to 2.11) for oppositional defiant disorder, 1.61 (1.19 to 2.19) for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, 4.11 (2.33 to 7.25) for separation anxiety disorder and 2.13 (1.37 to 3.31) for specific phobia. At 12-17 ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Intensive Care Unit
Mental Health
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Self-Report
Phobic Anxiety Disorder
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Participant
Observational Study
Graduate (Person)
Health Care Organization

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