Chimeric hemoglobins--hybrids of human and swine hemoglobin: assembly and stability of interspecies hybrids

Protein Science : a Publication of the Protein Society
M J RaoA S Acharya


Transgenic swine expressing human HbA contained only one of two types of the anticipated interspecies hybrids, namely H alpha 2 P beta 2 (H = human, P = swine). In an attempt to establish whether the absence of the swine alpha and human beta (P alpha 2 H beta 2) hybrid in vivo is a reflection of the lack of complementarity between the interspecies chains to generate appropriate interfaces, we have undertaken the in vitro assembly of swine alpha and human beta chimeric tetramer. In contrast to the in vivo transgenic swine system, in vitro the hybrid of swine alpha human beta chain is assembled readily and the hybrid exhibits normal cooperative oxygen binding. Both the swine alpha human beta and the human alpha swine beta interspecies hybrids are stable around neutral pH and do not segregate into parent tetramers even when mixed together. On the other hand, nearly complete exchange of P alpha chain of P alpha 2 H beta 2 hybrid occurs in the presence of H alpha chain at pH 6.0 and room temperature, resulting in the formation of HbA. However, very little of such an exchange reaction takes place at pH 7.0. These results suggest that the thermodynamic stability of P alpha 2 H beta 2 hybrid is lower compared to that of HbA. In contras...Continue Reading


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Apr 21, 2004·Protein Science : a Publication of the Protein Society·Sonati SrinivasuluSeetharama A Acharya

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