Apr 1, 1974

Chloroplast grana membrane carboxyl groups: their involvement in membrane association

Plant Physiology
S BergR A Dilley


Chloroplast membrane carboxyl groups were modified by carbodiimide activation followed by glycine methyl ester substitution, leaving the derivatized group uncharged. This charge alteration induced a number of effects similar to addition of salts to control chloroplasts suspended in a low salt medium. These include: (a) restacking or multiple membrane association in low salt-treated chloroplasts that lack grana stacks, (b) protection against polycation inhibition of photosystem I electron transfer, (c) reduction of the amount of polycations bound to the membranes, and (d) increased 90 degrees light scattering due to membrane conformational changes. Carboxyl modification also altered acid-induced conformational changes.These effects are interpretated as the results of the reduction in the surface negative charge contributed by carboxyl groups. Membrane structure at both a local, polyelectrolyte level and at the level of membrane-membrane interaction (stacking) is controlled in part by these negative, charged groups.

  • References12
  • Citations16

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Electron Transport
Chloroplast Membrane
Glycine (Plant)
Metabolic Inhibition

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.