PMID: 7503299Nov 1, 1995

Cholesterol content of trout plasma membranes varies with acclimation temperature

The American Journal of Physiology
J C Robertson, J R Hazel


Involvement of cholesterol in thermally induced restructuring of biological membranes was investigated in several tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Cholesterol-rich plasma membranes (PM) were isolated from erythrocytes, liver, kidney, and gill of fish acclimated to 5 and 20 degrees C. Mean PM cholesterol-to-phospholipid molar ratios (C/P) from warm-acclimated animals were significantly higher than those of cold-acclimated fish in liver (0.26 vs. 0.18; P < 0.01), kidney (0.49 vs. 0.40; P < 0.02), and gill (0.66 vs. 0.60; P < 0.05); erythrocyte C/P did not differ significantly with acclimation temperature (0.28 vs. 0.25; P = 0.25). In light of the ordering effects of cholesterol on fluid-phase membranes, these results are consistent with a role for cholesterol in the homeoviscous response of some poikilotherm PMs. Tissue differences in both PM cholesterol levels and the magnitude of thermally evoked cholesterol changes may reflect tissue-specific membrane functions. Lower PM C/P of trout tissues relative to corresponding data available for homeotherms also support a possible evolutionary relationship between cholesterol content and thermal adaptation of the PM.


Feb 9, 2000·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·D PadrónJ R Hazel
Nov 11, 2014·Functional Ecology·Brandon S CooperKristi L Montooth
Feb 29, 2008·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Reijo KäkeläMatti Vornanen
Dec 29, 2020·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology·Paul L Else

Related Concepts

Plasma Membrane
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Membrane Lipids
Cabeza Acerada

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.