Jul 1, 1976

Cholestyramine-induced inhibition of salicylazosulfapyridine (sulfasalazine) metabolism by rat intestinal microflora

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
H J Pieniaszek, T R Bates


The effect of multiple oral administration of the hypocholesterolemic agent cholestyramine (a strongly basic anion-exchange resin) on the metabolism of salicylazosulfapyridine by microflora present in the colon and cecum was assessed in conventional rats by following the time course of salicylazosulfapyridine and its metabolites in the urine and feces. The intestinal metabolism of salicylazosulfapyridine (a single 100 mg/kg oral dose), which involves reduction of the azo linkage by bacterial azo reductases and the liberation of sulfapyridine and 5-aminosalicylic acid (potential active metabolites of the drug), was markedly inhibited by the resin (250 mg/kg oral doses at -2, +2 and +6 hours), resulting in an enhanced fecal excretion of intact salicylazosulfapyridine. The existence of a rank-order correlation between the in vitro binding of salicylazosulfapyridine, sulfapyridine and 5-aminosalicylic acid to the resin and their fecal excretion pattern in resin-treated animals suggests that a direct cholestyramine-salicylazosulfapyridine interaction occurred within the intestinal tract and that in the bound state, the azo bond of the drug was inaccessible to bacterial azo reductases. These findings suggest that chronic oral adminis...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Depression, Chemical
Sulfasalazin medac
Ulcerative Colitis
Aminosalicylic Acids
Metabolic Diseases

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