PMID: 8591921Feb 1, 1987

Cholinergic drugs alter ciliary muscle response and receptor content

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
K Erickson-LamyD M Zlock


Topical echothiophate administration to the cynomolgus monkey eye for 5-6.5 months produced marked subsensitivity of the accommodative response to pilocarpine and a 65% decrease in specific high affinity 3H-QNB binding sites (ostensibly indicating muscarinic receptors) in the ciliary muscle. The decrease in 3H-QNB binding sites was quantitatively similar in surgically untouched, totally iridectomized, and ciliary muscle disinserted eyes. Following a 5-month off treatment recovery period, 3H-QNB binding sites increased to more than twice the number in untreated control eyes. In echothiophate-treated eyes whose contralateral eyes had previously received atropine+echothiophate, 3H-QNB binding sites were three to six times more numerous than in other long-term echothiophate-treated eyes, and one to two times more numerous than in untreated controls. Topical pilocarpine administration for 1 day to 7 months reduced ciliary muscle 3H-QNB binding sites by approximately 25%. Alterations in muscarinic receptors during and following cholinergic drug therapy may in part explain the observed subsensitization and recovery of ciliary muscle physiological responses.

Related Concepts

Accommodation, Lens
Administration, Topical
Cholinesterase Inhibitors, Reversible
Ciliary Body
Phospholine Iodide
Macaca fascicularis
Smooth Muscle
Ophthalmic Solution
Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.