Mar 1, 1994

Cholinergic REM induction test with arecoline in depressed children

Psychiatry Research
R E DahlJ Puig-Antich

Abstract

Children with major depressive disorder often fail to exhibit electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep abnormalities similar to those reported in depressed adults. It was hypothesized that a cholinergic rapid eye movement (REM) induction test would contribute to the identification of EEG sleep abnormalities in depressed children. To test this hypothesis, prepubertal children meeting research diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (n = 33) and carefully screened healthy control children (n = 15) were enrolled in a 4-day psychobiologic protocol that included 1 night with infusion of arecoline (0.5 mg) during the first non-REM sleep period. Although there had been no significant group differences in baseline sleep measures, results on the arecoline night revealed significantly shorter REM latency in the group of depressed children compared with the control children (mean +/- SD = 105 +/- 51 minutes vs. 140 +/- 46 minutes). The design of the protocol (with an interval break immediately preceding the arecoline night) prevented a direct estimation of arecoline effects within subjects; however, these data provide promising preliminary results regarding cholinergic REM induction tests in childhood depression.

Mentioned in this Paper

Arecoline
Depressed - Symptom
Log-Linear Models
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Depressive Disorder
REM Sleep Parasomnias
Senility
Melancholia
Sleep, REM
Recombinant Growth Hormone

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.