PMID: 3166833Jan 1, 1988

Chondrogenesis and osteogenesis of bone marrow-derived cells by bone-inductive factor

Bone
K HaradaS Sasaki

Abstract

Rat bone marrow cells were intraperitoneally implanted within a diffusion chamber with a decalcified bone matrix or a 4 M guanidine hydrochloride extracted matrix (G-res) as control. The chamber was harvested after 28 days and soft X-ray photography, histological examination, determination of alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium content were performed. With the decalcified bone matrix, cartilage and bone formation was observed and both alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium content were significantly higher than those in control chambers. Each chromatographic fraction on Sephacryl S-200 of the 4 M guanidine hydrochloride extract (G-ext) from the decalcified bone matrix was reconstituted with G-res and implanted either subcutaneously or intraperitoneally within a diffusion chamber with marrow cells. Intrachamber or subcutaneous cartilage and bone formation was detected by only one chromatographic fraction. When marrow-derived fibroblast-like cells were implanted intraperitoneally within a diffusion chamber with a decalcified bone matrix, cartilage and bone formation was detected, which was not the case with G-res. These results suggest that a certain factor, probably bone morphogenetic protein, which induces ectopic bone...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Bone Marrow Cells
Bone Matrix
Cartilage
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
Osteogenesis
August Rats
Diffusion Chambers, Culture

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