Aug 27, 2015

Choosing Subsamples for Sequencing Studies by Minimizing the Average Distance to the Closest Leaf

Genetics
Jonathan T L KangNoah A Rosenberg

Abstract

Imputation of genotypes in a study sample can make use of sequenced or densely genotyped external reference panels consisting of individuals that are not from the study sample. It also can employ internal reference panels, incorporating a subset of individuals from the study sample itself. Internal panels offer an advantage over external panels because they can reduce imputation errors arising from genetic dissimilarity between a population of interest and a second, distinct population from which the external reference panel has been constructed. As the cost of next-generation sequencing decreases, internal reference panel selection is becoming increasingly feasible. However, it is not clear how best to select individuals to include in such panels. We introduce a new method for selecting an internal reference panel--minimizing the average distance to the closest leaf (ADCL)--and compare its performance relative to an earlier algorithm: maximizing phylogenetic diversity (PD). Employing both simulated data and sequences from the 1000 Genomes Project, we show that ADCL provides a significant improvement in imputation accuracy, especially for imputation of sites with low-frequency alleles. This improvement in imputation accuracy is...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
In Silico
Study
Size
Genome
Phylogeny
Computer Programs and Programming
Site
Sequencing
Massively-Parallel Sequencing

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