Sep 22, 2017

Chromatin accessibility profiling uncovers genetic- and T2D disease state-associated changes in cis-regulatory element use in human islets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Shubham KhetanMichael L Stitzel

Abstract

Genetic and environmental factors both contribute to islet dysfunction and failure, resulting in type 2 diabetes (T2D). The islet epigenome integrates these cues and can be remodeled by genetic and environmental variation. However, our knowledge of how genetic variants and T2D disease state alter human islet chromatin landscape and cis-regulatory element (RE) use is lacking. To fill this gap, we profiled and analyzed human islet chromatin accessibility maps from 19 genotyped individuals (5 with T2D) using ATAC-seq technology. Chromatin accessibility quantitative trait locus (caQTL) analyses identified 3001 sequence variants (FDR<10%) altering putative cis-RE use/activity. Islet caQTL were significantly and specifically enriched in islet stretch enhancers and islet-specific transcription factor binding motifs, such as FOXA2, NKX6.1, RFX5/6 and PDX1. Importantly, these analyses identified putative functional single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in 13 T2D-associated GWAS loci, including those previously associated with altered ZMIZ1, MTNR1B, RNF6, and ADCY5 islet expression, and linked the risk alleles to increased (n=8) or decreased (n=5) islet chromatin accessibility. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed allelic differences in cis-...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Study
In Vivo
Quantitative Trait Loci
ZMIZ1
Technology, Health Care
IL20RA gene
Environment
ZMIZ1 gene

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