Chronic diabetic complications in patients with MODY3 diabetes

Diabetologia
B IsomaaL Groop

Abstract

MODY3 diabetes, which is caused by a mutation in the hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha gene (HNF-1alpha) on chromosome 12, represents a relatively common monogenic form of diabetes in Finland. Age at onset of the disease can vary from 10 to 60 years, but little is known about the natural course of the disease, particularly the development of diabetes-related chronic complications. The availability of genetic markers now allows description of the clinical course of the disease. In order to examine the prevalence of chronic diabetic complications in MODY3, we examined 57 carriers with HNF-1alpha mutations for the presence of micro- and macrovascular complications. Thirty-four percent of the MODY patients had mild and 13% had severe non-proliferative or proliferative retinopathy; this figure did not differ from the figures in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients matched for duration and glycaemic control but not for age. Neither did the prevalence of microalbuminuria differ between MODY3 and IDDM or NIDDM patients (19 vs 24 and 23%). Neuropathy was observed with the same frequency as previously reported in IDDM. Hypertension was less frequent in MODY3 and IDDM than ...Continue Reading

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