Chronic exposure to IL6 leads to deregulation of glycolysis and fat accumulation in the zebrafish liver

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. K. SinghChetana Sachidanandan

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammation is a constant in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and is usually considered a consequence. We propose that inflammation can be a cause for NAFLD. Obesity is strongly associated with (NAFLD), but not always. NAFLD in lean individuals is more common in certain populations, especially Asian-Indians. Lean healthy Indians also have a higher basal circulating IL6 suggesting a link with inflammation. We propose that inflammation-induced fatty liver could be relevant for studying obesity-independent NAFLD. Commonly used high-fat diet-induced NAFLD animal models are not ideal for testing this hypothesis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In this study we used a transgenic zebrafish with chronic systemic overexpression of human IL6 (IL6-OE) and found accumulation of triglyceride in the liver. We performed comparative transcriptomics and proteomics on the IL6-OE liver and found an expression signature distinct from the diet-based NAFLD models. We discovered a deregulation of glycolysis/gluconeogenesis pathway, especially a robust down regulation of the glycolytic enzyme aldolase b in the IL6-OE liver. Metabolomics of the IL6-OE liver showed accumulation of hexose monophosphates and their derivatives, which c...Continue Reading

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