Jan 14, 2004

Chronic glucose-lowering effects of rosiglitazone and bis(ethylmaltolato)oxovanadium(IV) in ZDF rats

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Violet G YuenJ H McNeill


The aim of this study was to determine if there was a synergistic or additive effect of a thiazolidinedione derivative (rosiglitazone (ROS)) and a vanadium compound (bis(ethylmaltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BEOV)) on plasma glucose and insulin levels following chronic oral administration to Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Whole-blood vanadium levels were determined at time 0 and at days 1, 6, and 18. The doses of BEOV (0.1 mmol/kg) and ROS (2.8 micromol/kg) were selected to produce a glucose-lowering effect in 30% (ED30) of animals. Both drugs were administered daily by oral gavage as suspensions in 1% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) in a volume of 2.5 mL/kg. The total volume administered to all rats was 5 mL/(kg.day). The combination of BEOV and ROS was effective in lowering plasma glucose levels to <9 mmol/L in 60% of fatty animals as compared with 30% for BEOV and 10% for ROS alone. The age-dependent decrease in plasma insulin levels associated with beta-cell failure in the ZDF rats did not occur in the BEOV-treated fatty groups. There was no effect of any treatment on body weight; however, there was a significant reduction in both food and fluid intake in fatty groups treated with BEOV. There were no overt signs of toxicity and n...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Weighing Patient
Rats, Zucker
Streptozotocin Diabetes
Thiazolidinedione [EPC]

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