Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Reversing airflow obstruction from chronic bronchitis and emphysema

Postgraduate Medicine
K Kutty, B Varkey


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) describes a group of disorders that cause obstruction to expiratory airflow. COPD should be suspected in a patient who has cough, sputum production, wheezing, and/or inappropriate dyspnea on exertion in the setting of prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke. With smoking cessation, avoidance of occupational and other bronchial irritants, and use of bronchodilators, antibiotics, and long-term oxygen when appropriate, the patient can minimize limitations on activity and complications.

Related Concepts

Chronic Disease
Combined Modality Therapy
Differential Diagnosis
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Oxygen Therapy Care
Focal Emphysema

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