Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Reversing airflow obstruction from chronic bronchitis and emphysema

Postgraduate Medicine
K Kutty, B Varkey

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) describes a group of disorders that cause obstruction to expiratory airflow. COPD should be suspected in a patient who has cough, sputum production, wheezing, and/or inappropriate dyspnea on exertion in the setting of prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke. With smoking cessation, avoidance of occupational and other bronchial irritants, and use of bronchodilators, antibiotics, and long-term oxygen when appropriate, the patient can minimize limitations on activity and complications.

Related Concepts

Asthma
Bronchitis
Chronic Disease
Combined Modality Therapy
Differential Diagnosis
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Oxygen Therapy Care
Focal Emphysema
Wheezing

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